French ieweller. Lalique trained in Paris and London, and in 1885 took over the workshop of the Parisian jeweller Jules d’Estape. He embarked on a career that revolutionized jewellery design, rejecting traditional materials such as diamonds in favour of vividly coloured gemstones. Motifs such as nymphs and flowers were typical of Lalique’s Art Nouveau work, and his clients included the actress Sarah Bernhardt. In 1898 he began glassmaking, which gradually replaced jewellery as the focus of his talent. His glassware came to embody the flamboyant 1920s Art Deco style.