Fidus (Hugo Hoppener)

German graphic artist. Fidus trained in Lubeck and then Munich, where he lived on the commune of the painter W Diefenbach. In 1892 he moved to Berlin and set up another commune. His early illustrations contained dream like Jugendstil abstractions, and his work appeared frequently in Jugend. Fidus held mystical Theosophical beliefs and during the 1890’s he became interested in German mythology. His engravings of peasants and warriors evoked an insular worldview at odds with the internationalist outlook promoted by many German artists after 1900. He continued working in an Art Nouveau style long after it was fashionable.