French glassmaker, ceramicist and furniture designer. Galle studied botany and mineralogy in Germany before taking over the family glassmaking firm in Nancy in 1874. His work demonstrates his interests in botany, Symbolism and Japanese art. He first exhibited furniture at the 1889 Paris Universal Exposition, where his style displayed a debt to French traditions. GaIIe was an astute businessman and his workforce expanded rapidly in the 1890’s His unrivalled stature in the French decorative arts was confirmed in 1900 when he was awarded the Legion d’honneur. In 1901 he helped set up the Ecole de Nancy. After his death, the firm continued until the 1930s.