English designer and architect. A central figure in the Arts and Crafts Movement, Ashbee was moved by the ideas of john Ruskin and William Morris to set up the Guild and School of Handicraft in the East End of London in 1888. Ashbee designed much of the Guild’s output, some of which represented the finest English Art Nouveau. He exhibited alongside Charles Rennie Mackintosh at the Vienna Secession exhibition in 1900 where his geometric furniture was praised. In 1902 the Guild moved to Chipping Campden in the Cotswolds. It soon fell into decline, though it survived until 1919.