August Endell

German architect and designer. Endell moved to Munich from Berlin in 1892, where he studied aesthetics, philosophy and psychology, before turning to architecture and art with the encouragement of Herman Obrist. His designs and illustrations, which appeared in journals such as Par, featured abstract natural shapes that show Obrist’s influence. Endell is most renowned for the distinctive facade and interiors of the Elvira photography studio in Munich (1897 -8), his first architectural design. As well as being a major figure of German Jugendstil, Endell anticipated abstract art in his writings on art theory in books such as Um die Schonheit (On Beauty) of 1896. He returned to Berlin in 1901 and set up a school in 1904. In the years before World War 1 his work displayed a trend towards greater simplicity.